Cook Stove adoption through Behaviour Intervention

Title: Testing adoption of improved cookstoves in rural India after targeted behaviour intervention

Duration: 1 year

Collaborators: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA Chest Research Foundation, India Vadu Rural Health Program, KEM Hospital Research Centre, India Sponsor: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA

Investigator:

            PI USA- Dr. Shyam Biswal
            PI India- Dr. Sundeep Salvi
           Co PI India- Dr. Sanjay Juvekar

Rationale: Around 3 billion people (half the world’s population) currently use biomass fuel and coal, together called solid fuel, for cooking and heating purposes, which produce exceptionally high levels of household air pollution (HAP) which is one of the top 10 major threats to public health globally. The use of biomass fuels like wood, cow dung, dried leaves etc as a cooking fuel for cooking food on traditional cookstoves like chulha, put a majority of the families at risk of experiencing the adverse health effects of indoor air pollution.

Aims and objectives:

  1. We aim to determine how a targeted behaviour engagement strategy affects adoption and adherence to the alternative cook stoves (ACSs) Technology and; to determine whether the use of the ACSs improves household air quality and reduces human exposure to air pollution.

Methodology: The study design includes an existing rural cohort within the Vadu HDSS area that uses biomass fuels as their primary source of cooking fuel. The baseline and end line measurements of the air quality will be assessed for each household and overall respiratory health will be assessed for the women and children under the age of 5 years. Following the baseline measurements, the households will be randomized into three groups namely, the control group, the cookstove intervention group that will receive the improved cookstoves only and the behaviour intervention group that will receive the improved cookstoves as well as engage in targeted client-specific communications using motivational interviewing and interactive counselling techniques.

Below strategies were used to improve indoor air quality

  1. Design and implementation of ACSs
  2. Improved household ventilation
  3. Increased use of efficient fuels
  4. Changes in cooking behaviours

Study population / sample size: The study population will cover 75 households in two villages of Vadu HDSS that lie farther from the highway. These 75 households will be enrolled based on the criteria that they use biomass fuel as their primary source of cooking fuel and contain no smokers.

Outcome - some results / links to publication if applicable: http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/2/1773/ 

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